A new Value Stream Mapping approach For the Moroccan Artisanal Enterprise

By Chouiraf Fatine, CHAFI ANASS


This paper discusses the Lean methodology of Value Stream Mapping (VSM) in a handicraft enterprise with Make to order environment. Within a case study of a wood craft company, the method is applied and improved. The purpose of VSM is to initialize the lean transformation and to understand the value streams of a company as a basis for further improvements. The paper explores the current literature about VSM and also discusses the specific characteristics of a MTO environment and its limitations regarding the application of the current VSM methodology. Based on this, an adapted VSM procedure with a special focus on MTO or ETO small and medium craft enterprises is presented. This paper contains the steps to flow to build a current VSM in this environment with a new formulation to calculate the metrics point such as cycle times and setup times.

Full Text:



ACHANGA, P., SHEHAB, E., ROY, R., NELDER, G., Critical success factors for lean implementation within SMEs. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 17, 460-471, 2005.

AHUJA, I. P. S. & KHAMBA, J. S., An evaluation of TPM implementation initiatives in an Indian manufacturing enterprise. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, Vol. 13, 338-352, 2007.

ALVES, T. D. C. L., TOMMELEIN, I. D. & BALLARD, G.,Value stream mapping for make-to-order products in a job shop environment. Construction Research Congress 2005: Broadening Perspectives - Proceedings of the Congress, 2005.

Anand, G. and Kodali, R., Simulation model for the design of lean manufacturing systems-a case study, International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, Vol. 4 No. 5, pp. 691-714, 2009.

BRAGLIA, M., CARMIGNANI, G. & ZAMMORI, F., A new value stream mapping approach for complex production systems. International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 44, 3929-3952, 2006.

DAVIS, M. M. & HEINEKE, J. 2005 Operations Management: Integrating manufacturing And services, The McGraw- Hill/Irwin EMILIANI, M. L. 1998 Lean behaviors. Management Decision, Vol. 36, 615-631.

Dhandapani, V., Potter, A. and Naim, M., “Applying lean thinking: a case study of an Indian steel plant”, International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 239-50, 2004.

Bajjou, M. S., & Chafi, A. (2018). Lean construction implementation in the Moroccan construction industry: Awareness, benefits and barriers. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-02-2018-0031.

EMILIANI, M. L.,Using value-stream maps to improve leadership. The Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 25, 622-645, 2004.

Fontanini, P.S. and Picchi, F.A. 2004, “Value stream macro mapping – a case study of aluminium windows for construction supply chain”, Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction IGLC-12, Elsinore, Denmark, 3-5 August, available at: www.iglc2004.dk/13729 accessed 15 April 2012.

Forsman, S., Bystedt, A. and O ¨ hman, M., Interaction in the construction process – system effects for a joinery-products supplier, Lean Construction Journal, pp. 01-18, 2011.

GOLDRATT, E. M., Critical chain, Pretoria, Republic of South Africa, Avraham Y. Goldratt Institute, 1997.

GOLDRATT, E. M., The goal : a process of ongoing improvement, Aldershot, Gower, 2004.

GREEN, L., Implementation of Lean manufacturing in a small sized company. California State University, 2004;

Grewal, C.,An initiative to implement lean manufacturing using value stream mapping in a small company, International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, Vol. 15 Nos 3/4, pp. 404-17, 2008.

Gurumurthy, A. and Kodali,,Design of lean manufacturing systems using value stream mapping with simulation: a case study, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 22 No. 4, pp. 444-473, R. 2011.

Dominguez Hills. HINES, P. & RICH, N., The seven value stream mapping tools. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, Vol. 17, 46-64, 1997.

HINES, P., RICH, N., BICHENO, J., BRUNT, D. & TAYLOR, D., Value stream management. The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 9, 25-42, 1998.

LIKER, J. K. & MEIER, D. The Toyota Way Fieldbook: A practical guide for implementing Toyota's 4Ps, New York, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, 2006.

MONDEN, Y. ,Toyota Production System: An integrated approach to Just-in-Time, Norcross, GA, Industrial Engineering and Management Press, 1993.

Matt, D.T. Adaptation of the value stream mapping approach to the design of lean engineer-to- order production systems", Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Vol. 25 Iss 3 pp. 334 - 350, 2014.

Meredith, J. and Akinc, U., Characterizing and structuring a new make-to-forecast production strategy, Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 623-642, 2007.

RIVERA, L. & FRANK CHEN, F., Measuring the impact of Lean tools on the cost-time investment of a product using cost-time profiles. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 23, 684-689, 2007.

Romero, D. and Chavez, Z. 2011, “Use of value mapping tools for manufacturing systemsredesign”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2011 Vol I WCE 2011, London, UK, 6-8 July, available at: www.iaeng.org/publication/WCE2011/ WCE2011_pp850-854.pdf accessed 26 March 2012.

ROTHER, M. & SHOOK, J., Learning to see: Value stream mapping to create value and eliminate muda, Brookline, Massachusetts, USA, The Lean Enterprise Institute, 1998.

Rahani, A.R. and Al-Ashraf, M.,Production flow analysis through value stream mapping: a lean manufacturing process case study, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 41, pp. 1727-1734, 2012.

Romero, D. and Chavez, Z. 2011, “Use of value mapping tools for manufacturing systemsredesign”, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering 2011 Vol I WCE 2011, London, UK, 6-8 July, available at: www.iaeng.org/publication/WCE2011/ WCE2011_pp850-854.pdf accessed 26 March 2012.

Rother, M. and Shook, J., Learning to See – Value-Stream Mapping to Create Value and Eliminate Muda, Lean Enterprise Institute, Cambridge, MA, 1998.

Seth, D. and Gupta, V., Application of value stream mapping for lean operations and cycle time reduction: an Indian case study, Production Planning & Control, Vol. 16 No. 1, pp. 44-59, 2005.

WOMACK, J. P., Value stream mapping. Manufacturing Engineering, Vol. 136, 145-156, 2006.

WOMACK, J. P. & JONES, D. T., Lean Thinking: Banish waste and create wealth in your corporation., New York, Simon & Schuster, 2003.

F. CHOUIRAF, A. CHAFI Lean manufacturing for handicraft production: A new production system to enhance productivity and competitiveness of craft enterprise. Proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on Optimization and Applications, ICOA 2018.

M. S. Bajjou, A. Chafi. “Barriers of lean construction implementation in the Moroccan construction industry”. In AIP Conference Proceedings., AIP Publishing., vol. 1952, No. 1, p. 020056, 2018.

Bajjou, M. S., & Chafi, A. (2018, April). Towards implementing lean construction in the Moroccan construction industry: Survey study. In 4th International Conference on Optimization and Applications (ICOA), 2018 (pp. 1-5). IEEE.

F. CHOUIRAF, A. CHAFI Adaptation of the value stream mapping for the moroccan artisanal entreprise : describing a new procedure and parameters of VSM for woodcraft entreprise. Proceedings of the CIST 2018.

Product developpement value stream mapping manual release 1.0, Hugh L, mc Manus, http://dspace.mit.edu.

International Journal of Information Science and Technology (iJIST) – ISSN: 2550-5114